GENDER STUDIES RESEARCH OFFICE

Coordination: Fabio Mario da Silva 

This research unit aims to study the multiple interdisciplinary strands of gender studies in Western culture. The term "gender" has generated a highly significant discussion. For example, in English, the term "gender" emerged in the 1970s, in the wake of feminist movements, and was later appropriated by social scientists in the 1980s, to refer to social constructions around the masculine and of the feminine from the perspective of different cultures. However, it would be in 1968, with Sex and Gender by Robert Stoller that the origin of the concept would be highlighted and later problematized by feminist studies and queer theory. Let us remember that, in Portuguese and Italian, the term "gender" seems to go through some indefinition, as described in dictionaries, since in these languages, "gender" (or rather, its translation: “género / genere”) can have different meanings through the literary or grammatical fields, and even designates "taste, class or style". Moreover, in Romance languages, the word "genere / género", unlike the English "gender", does not contain the concept of "neutral", thereby ignoring the existence of meaning other than the masculine and the feminine, since such a concept is not part of the Neo-Latin culture. Thus, "género / genere" seems to define a binary and dichotomous structure, which generates an immense confusion, especially in the field of Gender Studies dealing with transgender and non-binary contexts. 

According to Judith Butler, this change and fluctuation of the concept occurs because, for each society and historical context, the word is understood differently. In this sense, one of the main proposals of Butler, in her famous text Gender Trouble (1990), is to deconstruct the concepts of "gender" and "sex", that can be taken as synonyms, but which in fact are not. When we speak of "sex," we refer to a set of biological, hormonal, and physical characteristics that define a person as male, female or intersex. When we speak of "gender," we mean the social construction that is often imposed by culture. Therefore, the concept of gender is fluid, depending on the historical epoch, the cultural environment, and the country in which it is used.

The American anthropologist Gayle Rubin (1975) uses for the first time the term "sex / gender system", which, as she claims, is "the set of arrangements by which society transforms biological sexuality into products of human activity, and in which these transformed sexual needs are satisfied". However, Joan Scott (1989) will establish the definitive meaning of the concept, by analysing the difference between "sex" and "gender" from a social-historical point of view, through linguistic analysis. Based on these premises, and focusing mainly on a Portuguese language readership, the main purpose of this Office is to organize conferences, publish new research findings and republish works that have become inaccessible, as a means of raising public awareness not only with regard to important aspects of the historical and social condition of women, but also to the many writers whom, for reasons of gender and/or sexual orientation, critics and scholars alike have ignored or undervalued. 

The team:

Adriana Mello Guimarães 

Algemira Mendes

Chris Gerry 

Debora Ricci 

Ednaldo Cândido Moreira Gomes

Fernando Cascais 

Henrique Marques Samyn 

Isa Severino 

Jorge Valentim 

Juliana Maia de Queiroz 

Lina Arao

Moizeis Sobreira 

Paulo Geovane e Silva 

Rosa Fina 

Vanessa Castagna

Ongoing projects:

Based on a project initiated by us in Lisbon in 2014, which resulted in the holding of five congresses (three in Lisbon, one in Naples and one in Viterbo) involving participants from all over the world and the publication of two e-books, among other initiatives, we have discussed gender issues in language, literature and culture of Portuguese and Italian speaking countries.

In this sense, in partnership with other institutions (namely the Interdisciplinary Centre of History, Cultures and Societies of the University of Évora - CIDEHUS), the unit develops a long-term and comprehensive project titled History of Culture and Literature of Female Authorship in Portugal, with organization of Fabio Mario da Silva.

Works published in the field of Gender Studies and / or editions of Women Writers::

  • Livro de mágoas, Obras Completas de Florbela Espanca, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Cláudia Pazos Alonso e Fabio Mario da Silva, Direção científica de Ana Luísa Vilela, Lisboa, Editorial Estampa, 2012.
  • Livro de Soror Saudade, Obras Completas de Florbela Espanca, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Cláudia Pazos Alonso e  Fabio Mario da Silva, Direção científica de Ana Luísa Vilela, Lisboa, Editorial Estampa, 2012.
  • Charneca em Flor, Obras Completas de Florbela Espanca, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Cláudia Pazos Alonso e Fabio Mario da Silva, Direção científica de Ana Luísa Vilela, Lisboa, Editorial Estampa, 2013.
  • Os Estudos de Género na Perspetiva Ibérica e Eslava, Organization of Beata Cieszýnska e Fabio Mario da Silva, Lisboa, CLEPUL, 2014, (available  here).
  • O Feminino nas Literaturas Africanas em Língua Portuguesa, Organization of Fabio Mario da Silva, Lisboa, CLEPUL, 2014, (available here).
  • As Máscaras do Destino, Obras Completas de Florbela Espanca, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Cláudia Pazos Alonso e Fabio Mario da Silva, Direção científica Ana Luísa Vilela, Lisboa, Editorial Estampa, 2015.
  • A função das personagens femininas em O Físico Prodigioso, de Jorge de Sena, Fabio Mario da Silva, Lisboa, CLEPUL, 2015 (available here).
  • Memorial da infância de Cristo e Triunfo do Divino Amor (primeira parte), Soror Maria de Mesquita Pimentel, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Fabio Mario Da Silva, São Paulo, Todas As Musas, 2016.
  • Feminino plural: literatura, língua e linguagem nos contextos italianoe lusófono / Femminile Plurale: letteratura, lingua e linguaggi in ambitolusofono e italiano, Organization of Debora Ricci, Annabela Rita, Ana Luísa Vilela, Isa Severino, Fabio Mario da Silva, Lisboa, CLEPUL, 2016 (available here).
  • Memorial dos Milagres de Cristo e Triunfo do Divino Amor (segunda parte), Soror Maria de Mesquita Pimentel, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Fabio Mario da Silva, São Paulo, Todas As Musas, 2017.
  • Repensar o feminino em contexto lusófono e italiano / Ripensare ilfemminile in ambito lusofono e italiano, Organization by Debora Ricci, Fabio Mario da Silva, Livia Apa, AnaLuísa Vilela, Annabela Rita, Lisboa, CLEPUL, 2017 (available here).
  • O Feminino e o Moderno, Organization of Ana Luísa Vilela, Fabio Mario da Silva e Maria Lúcia Dal Farra, Lisboa, CLEPUL, 2017 (disponível aqui).
  • Diálogos no Feminino. Antologia Poética Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska – FlorbelaEspanca/Dialogi kobiece. Antologia Poezji Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska – Florbela Espanca, Scientific notes by Beata Cieszynska, Fabio Mario da Silva, Anna Kalewska, Maria Lúcia Dal Farra, Gabriel Borowski, Iberian-Slavic Library Collection, CLEPUL/Univ. de Varsóvia, Lisboa/Varsóvia, 2017, (available here).
  • Narrativas de Mulheres em Língua Portuguesa, Organization of Moizeis Sobreira, Fabio Mario da Silva e Ezilda Maciel da Silva, Lisboa, CLEPUL, 2018 (available here).
  • Prosa e Poesia, Judith Teixeira, Notes and introductory studies by Cláudia Pazos Alonso e Fabio Mario da Silva, Lisboa, Dom Quixote, 2015 (com apoio e edição da Dom Quixote).
  • Literaturas, Interseções de Gênero e Outras Linguagens, Organization of Algemira Mendes, Fabio Mario da Silva, Joselita Jesus, Sebastião Lopes, Teresina, EdufPi, 2018 (with support and edition by the State University of Piaui).
  • Judith Teixeira. Ensaios críticos. No centenário do Modernismo, Organization of Fabio Mario da Silva, Annabela Rita, Maria Lúcia dal Farra, Ana Luísa Vilela, Ana Maria Domingues, Lisboa, Edições Esgotadas, 2017 (with support and edition by Edições Esgotadas).
  • Visitações de A Dama e O Unicórnio de Maria Teresa Horta, Anabela Galhardo Couto, Rodrigo Sobral Cunha, Fabio Mario da Sila, Lisboa, CLEPUL/European University, 2019 (with support, cooperation and editing by the European University).

Upcoming works (to be published in 2019):

  • Memorial da Paixão de Cristo e Triunfo do Divino Amor (terceira parte), Soror Maria de Mesquita Pimentel, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Fabio Mario da Silva e Ednaldo Cândido Moreira Gomes, São Paulo, Todas As Musas.
  • Estudos de género em contexto lusófono e italiano: debates e reflexões  / Studi di Genere in ambito lusofono e italiano: dibattito e riflessioni, Organization of Fabio Mario da Silva, Debora Ricci, Annabela Rita, Ana Luísa Vilela, Cristina Rosa e Vanessa Castagna. Lisboa, CLEPUL.
  • Antologia “EROS das ERAS”, Organization of Algemira Mendes, Fabio Mario da Silva e Marleide Lins. Teresina, Avant Garde Edições (with support and editing by NELIPI/UESPI and Avant Garde Edições).
  • Dicionário Florbela Espanca, Jonas Leite, Maria Lúcia Dal Farra, Fabio Mario da Silva, Edições Esgotadas (with support and edition by Edições Esgotadas).
  • Antologia Poética de Maria Lúcia dal Farra, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Ana Luísa Vilela e Fabio Mario da Silva (with support and edition by Edições Esgotadas).
  • Diário/O Dominó Preto, Obras Completas de Florbela Espanca, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Fabio Mario da Silva, Scientific direction by  Ana Luísa Vilela, Lisboa, Edições Esgotadas(with support and edition by Edições Esgotadas).

Future publications:

  • Esparsos, Obras Completas de Florbela Espanca, Organization, notes and introductory studies of Fabio Mario da Silva, Scientific direction by Ana Luísa Vilela, Lisbon, Edições Esgotadas.
  • Epistolografia, Obras Completas de Florbela Espanca, Organization, notes and introductory studies of Fabio Mario da Silva, Scientific direction by Ana Luísa Vilela, Lisbon, Edições Esgotadas.
  • Antologia Poética. Ada Negri e Florbela Espanca, Organization of Fabio Mario da Silva, Debora Ricci, Maria Lúcia dal Farra e Michelle Vasconcelos.
  • Deolinda e Deonel (Manuscrito Inédito Do Século XVIII), Organization of Maria do Livramento Spence, Moizeis Sobreira e Fabio Mario da Silva.
  • 100 Anos da Literatura de Sodoma, António Botto, Judith Teixeira e Raul Leal, Organization of Fernando Cascais e Fabio Mario da Silva.
  • Diálogo de duas jovens, Luisa Sigea, Organization and introductory studies of Fabio Mario da Silva e Ednaldo Cândido Moreira, Translation and notes by Alexandra Caroços (with support and editing by Centre for Classical Studies – FLUL).
  • Obra Crítica Completa da Marquesa de Alorna, Direction by Vanda Anastácio, volume Problemáticas de Género (textos inéditos), Marquesa de Alorna, Organization, notes and introductory studies by Fabio Mario da Silva, Translated by Vanda Anástacio (with support and edition by Fundação das Casas de Fronteira e Alorna).
  • Obra Completa de Ana Augusta Plácido, Organização, notes and introductory studies by Fabio Mario da Silva, Adriana Mello Guimarães, Scientific direction by Ernesto Rodrigues (in cooperation with Casa Camilo).

Events:

2019

 

2018

2013-2017

Future Events:

  • VI International Congress on Gender Studies in the Italian context and in Portuguese, Foggia, Italy.
  • II International Congress | A Kingdom of Women: Literary, cultural and artistic expressions in the monastic-convent institutions of women, Paris.